What Are Common Types Of Viruses?
What is a virus? A virus is simply an infectious agent which can only multiply within a host animal or a group of animals. Viruses can invade a wide variety of living organisms, such as plants, bacteria, and even animals. The viral reproduction process starts when a virus invades its host cell by penetrating the infected cell either through the host cell’s outer cell wall or tissue and infecting the host cell.
Virus particles are carried by particles of cells carrying the viruses’ envelope. The virus particles can then enter the bloodstream after it gains access to the liver, lungs, or other target tissues. Once in the host cells, the virus particles replicate themselves, which causes them to grow until they are dispersed throughout the body. This is usually done through lysis.
Lysis is the process wherein a virus destroys or alters the genetic material of its host. This process causes the genetic material of the virus to be replaced by other viruses or their proteins. Lysis also involves the death of the uninfected host cell or tissues so that the invading virus does not become immune to the new host strain. When the invaders grow and reproduce, new viruses are created. These new viruses are often different from the original strain and often go on to cause new problems in the human population.
There are many different viruses which cause diseases and are spread through contact with bodily fluids and organs such as the skin and mucous membranes. Some of these include the common cold, SARS, flu viruses, hepatitis B, shingles, Epstein-Barr, and even the hepatitis virus. Some viruses can be deadly or cause only minor symptoms such as fever and headaches. Examples of viruses that only cause mild symptoms include the hepatitis B virus, the SARS virus, and the flu. Although some viruses have had a more serious history and have caused many deaths, there are many that have been linked to far more serious health conditions, such as the SARS virus and the West Nile virus.
A virus which causes disease by destroying or altering the genetic material of its host is known as a transmissible disease. There are only two types of these: one is caused by a virus which remains in the hosts body and the other is caused by a virus which makes its way into the hosts body and then proceeds to replicate itself within its host. There are many viruses which are classified as one of the following: parainfluenza, meningococcal meningitis, mumps, measles, rabies, and viral meningitis. The classification of a virus can help in determining the severity of the symptoms and the risk factors associated with it.
A virus that has entered into a living cell and then becomes a part of that cell is termed a retrovirus. It is important to note that retroviruses do not replicate themselves, but simply enter living cells infecting them. When the retrovirus leaves the infected cell, it begins to replicate itself, replicating itself and spreading to new locations on the body until it finds an appropriate host. The most common viruses to infect living cells are: AIDS, hepatitis, influenza, shingles, tularemia, and Epstein-Barr.